What are the main uses of Architectural Models

models used by architects

Architectural models are used by property developers, architects, planning departments and business owners. Creating them has a number of key benefits, but first off let’s take a closer look at what architectural modelling involves.

An architectural model is a 3D depiction of a design that is used to better visualise an idea or drawing that involves construction work of some kind. This could be a large development, single structure, part of a building, town or city alike. Typically to scale, they can be created as lifelike as required and can be created at any stage of the design process.

Usually, they show physical prescience as well as how the design would be integrated into the surrounding area. A fully functioning architectural model will be a great deal smaller than the real thing but can give an accurate representation of the end result of a project, or it could be a piece of paper used to show one element in simply terms to a team of architects.

What Materials are used for Architectural Model Making?

Well, we’ve already mentioned paper, but often these types of models will be make using foam board and card and more latterly from using 3D printing techniques. 3D printing will produce a flawless design and a much quicker speed than was previously achievable without impacting the quality of the architectural model in the process.

As well as commerce, students studying architecture will usually have to produce at least one scale model before graduation and the ability to turn ideas into 3D models is one skill that architects have.

How are Architectural Models used?

There are three main types of architectural model:

Conceptual Design: Providing a basic concept of the form and shape of the design.

Conceptual architectural models are great for brainstorming ideas, presenting to the project team, showing initial thoughts and problems solving individual aspects.

Working Architectural Model: Used by architects to build up existing designs, not usually used to present to clients.

Often with parts that can be moved around to try out different ideas as the design grows into the finished product. Useful for all stages of the project and will often be the ‘rough version’.

Presentation Model: Made to look as close to the final proposal as possible, used to give clients an accurate visualisation.

It usually provides a high level of detail, often including colours, shading as well as the ground layout. Often used for marketing purposes.

Of course, not every architectural model form part of a development project. Sometimes commissions of existing buildings can be made for display purposes or to refurbish an existing building.

JH May have been involved in a large number of architectural model making projects.